Last updated on July 29th, 2021 at 09:13 pm
My name is Frank and I run a travel agency in Bogota, Colombia. Have fun while reading!
Colombia was conquered by the Spanish and is now one of the most Catholic countries in the world. Therefore, Colombia is a paradise not only for lovers of colonial architecture but for churchgoers and church lovers.
Churches in Colombia
A church is a place where the Catholic religion is practiced. Churches in Colombia are divided into cathedrals and basilicas.
The basilica is a church recognized by believers and ecclesiastical authorities. The architecture usually has more Roman and Greek attributes. There are large and small basilicas. The great basilicas, of which there are only 4 in the world, are located in the Vatican and Rome. The small basilicas can be found all over the world. These were each baptized by a Pope.
Cathedrals also symbolize the religious and administrative headquarters of a particular geographic area. The architecture of a cathedral is mostly Gothic.
There are more than 70 cathedrals and around 40 basilicas in Colombia, which are spread across the different departments of the country.
Churches in and around Cundinamarca
Catedral Primada – Bogotá
The Catedral Basílica Metropolitana de Bogotá y Primada de Colombia is a neoclassical building in Bogotá, the capital of Colombia. It is a Catholic Church dedicated to the Immaculate Conception (Mary) and declared a National Monument because, although it has been rebuilt several times, the columns and their gilded details, the wooden chairs, the dome, the lamps that define the place illuminate, the images of saints and other details have remained intact.
The cathedral is part of the history of Bogotá in the Candelaria district. About 5 minutes from the cathedral is the Botero Museum, one of the most emblematic museums in the area.
In the immediate vicinity, there are restaurants such as “Descortés”, “Sabor antioqueño” and “La Puerta Falsa”, the latter is the oldest restaurant in town.
- 5 minutes walk from the Parque de los periodistas.
Iglesia Nuestra Señora de la Candelaria – Bogotá
Calle 11 with Carrera 4. The church is located in the historic center of the capital, in the La Candelaria district.
Highlights: Various religious paintings and stained glass windows.
The Iglesia de la Candelaria, as it is popularly known, is a Catholic church dedicated to the Virgin Mary. It is a temple of colonial origin, which consists of three rooms (naves), the central nave and two aisles, the church also has two towers on the front facade.
The church has important works of religious art inside, an example of which is the painting of the Death of St. Joseph, a painting on the ceiling of the nave. A traveler says: “This is one of the oldest churches in Bogotá, it is very beautiful and a religious and special place to get closer to God”.
The church is also located near the Catedral Primada de Bogotá.
- 5 minutes walk from the Parque de los periodistas.
Cerro de Monserrate, La Basílica del Señor de Monserrate – Bogotá
Height: 52 meters
Highlights: Sculpture of the Fallen Lord of Monserrate
The highest point is 3,152 meters above sea level. There is a nearly three-kilometer walk from the valley station to the top. On the hill, there are also restaurants such as the Casa Santa Clara, where you can enjoy the gastronomy of the capital as well as the view. There are also around 70 species of birds, including hummingbirds and migratory birds.
Monserrate is one of the five viewpoints in Bogotá. At the top, there is also an iconic sanctuary of the city, with a history of more than 450 years. The Basilica of the Lord of Monserrate has been a religious pilgrimage site since colonial times and worships the fallen Lord of Monserrate.
There are many myths and legends about the basilica that revolve around faith, rites, and miracles. These stories also include the legend of the healing of the sick, who in return made a promise of faith. The promises people make are curious. To obtain a certain favor, men and women climb the hill on their knees or blindfolded. In addition, there are also some legends associated with this temple. It is said that fiancés who climb Monserrate will never get married.
There are 3 methods of climbing:
Monday to Saturday between 6:30 a.m. and 12:45 p.m. (The ticket office closes at 10:00 p.m.)
Sundays between 5:30 a.m. and 5:00 p.m. (ticket office closes at 9:00 p.m.)
Holidays from 6:30 a.m. to 11:00 p.m. (after work 9:00 p.m.)
Note: remember to confirm the funicular opening times on the website.
Monday to Saturday between 12:00 p.m. and 11:00 p.m.
Sundays from 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.
Holidays between 12:00 p.m. and 5:00 p.m.
Open to the public every day except Tuesday. Ascent open from 5 a.m. to 1 p.m., descent by 4 p.m.
- Distance from La Candelaria: approx. 20 minutes on foot.
- The ticket office does not accept any foreign currency
- All cards are accepted (Visa, Master, American Express, and Diners).
Santuario Virgen De Guadalupe – Bogotá
Although most of the time in Bogotá you only hear about the famous Cerro de Monserrate, there is actually another place in the capital of great historical and religious importance, namely the Cerro de Guadalupe, which is over 3,300 meters high.
The Cerro de Guadalupe is characterized by its magnificent view, from which you can see part of the capital. Apart from that, this area has had great religious importance over the centuries. More than 400 years ago, the Spanish conquistadors came here and named the place after the virgin of the same name, who is one of the patron saints of the autonomous communities of Spain. They also erected a cross to protect the capital.
The Spaniards then had a temple built, which took about 100 years to complete. Unfortunately, the sanctuary was destroyed due to earthquakes in 1743, 1785, and 1826. A newly built sanctuary was again destroyed by an earthquake in 1917. It was not until 1945 that it was decided to build the third temple (the current one), which is characterized by an imposing 15-meter-high sculpture of the Virgin of the Immaculate Conception, created by the artist and sculptor Gustavo Arcila Uribe.
Nowadays, people come to this hill to enjoy the view or to fulfill religious promises. Religious articles and handicrafts are sold in the area. There are also restaurants, although the offer is limited during the week.
- You can easily get to the hill by car. Take the detour at kilometer 6 on the road to Choachí municipality.
Basílica del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús – Bogotá
Among the many religious sites in Colombia, one of the most emblematic places that reflects the culture and history of this country is the Basilica of the Sacred Heart of Jesus.
This basilica was created in connection with the Thousand Days War, a civil war between the two (then) most important political forces in Colombia, the Liberals and the Conservatives. To end this conflict, the Archbishop of Bogota, Monsignor Bernardo Herrera Restrepo, asked the government to build what would later become the Basilica of the Sacred Heart of Jesus. All with the aim of achieving the reconciliation of all Colombians. That was in 1902.
This basilica was completed in 1918 and since the faith in the Sacred Heart of Jesus had grown greatly, this place became one of the most emblematic in the country.
Nowadays this church is a very important place of pilgrimage for Colombians and foreigners. In 1952 this was named a minor basilica by Pope Paul VI. In 1975 this religious building was declared a national monument.
- The basilica can be reached by public transport. The following SITP buses stop nearby: 121, 60, 674, C27, G506, T12, and T25.
Iglesia del 20 de Julio – Bogotá
This is another of the capital’s most traditional and iconic churches. Although the structure has beautiful architecture, where the brown facade stands out, this place is known to be the temple of the adoration of the divine child Jesus.
Construction began in 1937. In 1942, when the church was completed, an image of the divine baby Jesus was brought in. From that moment on, the July 20th Church became a place of pilgrimage for all people in Bogota. Hundreds of people visit the church every day to ask for favor with the Child Jesus.
- The following Transmilenio routes stop nearby: L25 and L82.
Catedral de Sal – Zipaquirá
The cathedral is located 29 kilometers north of Bogotá, in the city of Zipaquirá.
Depth: 180 meters
Highlights: The 14 Stations of the Cross
The Salt Cathedral is a space built inside the Zipaquirá Salt Mines. It is an architectural jewel of the modern age because the underground church is part of the famous “Parque de la Sal” (salt park), which offers a variety of activities. The Salt Cathedral was chosen by the Colombians as one of the 7 wonders of the world of Colombia.
Inside the mine, you can enjoy a breathtaking tour. Along the way, you can visit the stations of the cross. There are 14 points on which there are different crosses that represent the suffering of Jesus, his death, and later his resurrection. Various tourist activities are also offered.
There is a room with a light show, a water mirror and for the youngest and most curious it is possible to explore the Miner’s Route, where you can visit some geological formations in the mine.
- The tour takes about 90 minutes
- Cost per person from Bogota: $ 300,000 COP (private transport)
Learn more about this and other wonders of the country in my blog about the 7 wonders of Colombia.
Nuestra Señora del Rosario – Villa de Leyva
East side of the Plaza Mayor from Villa de Leyva.
Construction: 1604-1608 approximately
Style: Colonial Baroque
Highlights: Colonial paintings by famous artists of the time, such as Gregorio Vásquez de Arce y Ceballos.
The construction of this church began around 1608, by order of the Spanish king at the time. Since then it has been known as “The Cathedral” and its tower is typically Castilian.
Without a doubt, one of the most striking elements is the colonial architecture, as it freezes part of the history of the Colombian territory. Today the parish church has a structure rich in white-painted stone, its interior shows features of the colonial era and the altars, pictures, and representations are in Baroque style.
The parish church is distinctive because it witnessed historical events. Captain Antonio Clemente (a participant in the rebels against the colonial regime), known as the Hero of San Mateo, was baptized there. General Antonio Amador José de Nariño (Colombian politician and military) was also buried there, whose remains were later reburied for his safety.
Villa de Leyva is a tourist place visited by locals from Bogota and Boyaca on weekends and holidays. So it’s best to plan your visit during the week.
- Distance from Tunja: 1 hour
- Cost per person by bus from Tunja: approx. $ 25,000 COP
Iglesia Nuestra Señora del Carmen – Villa de Leyva
Nuestra Señora del Carmen Church is a monastery church not to be missed when visiting Villa de Leyva. The church was consecrated in 1850 and is characterized by its colonial style and beautiful white facade.
If you are a fan of the Virgen del Carmen, you should definitely visit this church, because one of the two chapels is dedicated to the Holy Mother. In the second chapel, affectionately called Mamá Linda by the villagers, is the image of the Virgen Renovada (Renewed Virgin). This image is considered an icon and is revered in the region.
Another highlight of this church is the Museo del Carmen de Arte Religioso (Museum of Religious Art). This attraction was founded in 1971 by a Carmelite monk named Rafael Eugenio Mejia. The museum has 6 halls in which more than 100 articles and works of art of religious character from the 17th century are exhibited. Some of these objects were brought directly from Europe.
- The museum is open from Friday to Sunday from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.
Basílica Menor de Nuestra Señora de Monguí – Monguí
Monguí and Villa de Leyva are the only heritage towns in Boyacá. The Basílica Menor de Nuestra Señora de Monguí is without a doubt the most important religious building in the listed city. This imposing structure was built in stone and has beautiful Romanesque architecture.
The church was built between 1694 and 1760 and was of historical importance even during the Spanish colony. This place was originally a teaching chapel used by the Franciscan order to evangelize the indigenous people in the Boyacá region.
For those interested in religious art, there are many paintings inside the basilica. One of the outstanding works is the painting of Our Lady of Monguí, which shows the Holy Mother with a little Jesus in her arms. There are other paintings by anonymous authors depicting various scenes from the biblical story. The basilica was restored in 2016 with the aim of preserving and caring for this historic place.
- Monguí is located around 225 kilometers from Bogotá. The journey takes around 3 hours and 30 minutes.
- Next to the site is the Real Calicanto Colonial Bridge, which is one of the most iconic landmarks in the community.
Churches in Antioquia
Catedral Basílica Metropolitana de Medellín – Medellín
This cathedral is considered to be one of the largest and most majestic buildings in Medellín. It has a symmetrical structure with two huge towers, each measuring 66 meters. Around 1,120,000 bricks were required for the construction. The structure was declared a national monument in 1982.
Construction began in 1890 and in 1948 Pope Pius XII awarded this religious building the title of a minor basilica. There are several religious paintings inside the basilica. There are also interesting sights such as the Museum of Religious Art, which exhibits around 40 sculptures from the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries. Unfortunately, the museum is not open to the public.
- The cathedral is located in the central area of Medellín, on the north side of Bolívar Park.
- Photography is only allowed without the flash.
- The area around the church is popular with pickpockets.
Churches in Santander
Basílica Menor San Juan Bautista – Girón
About 9 km from the city of Bucaramanga is another of the 17 Colombian cultural heritage towns. This beautiful town is characterized by its cobblestone streets and colonial architecture. The Colombian heritage cities are characterized by their centuries-old buildings. One of the most beautiful and historic buildings in Girón is the Basílica Menor San Juan Bautista.
Construction of the church began in 1636. It has a white facade, a symmetrical structure, and two imposing towers. In addition, the church is surrounded by a large number of buildings with colonial architecture. In 1998 the church was declared a basilica.
Inside is one of the greatest icons of religious culture in Colombia, the image of the Señor de Los Milagros (Lord of Miracles). This figure is the reason why many locals and tourists visit this place. Miraculous powers are ascribed to the image. People from all over the world visit the Señor de los Milagros to say thank you for a favor (mostly related to health) or to ask something about this heavenly figure.
The best time to visit this place is September 14th. The feast of Señor de los Milagros is celebrated on this date. During this festival, you can pay homage to the religious figure and enjoy fireworks.
- Giron is just a 20-minute drive from Bucaramanga.
Churches in Bolívar and Atlántico
San Pedro Claver – Cartagena
The church is a Colombian Catholic Church dedicated to Saint Peter Claver. This saint was a Spanish Jesuit missionary and priest who gained recognition for his dedication to alleviating the suffering of slaves.
This church is one of the most important architectural works in the country, which has also been declared a national monument. It is also one of the most popular churches for weddings in Cartagena because of its historical significance and charm.
As the church is located in the historic area of Cartagena, you can also admire the history of the city all around. The Plaza de la Aduana is an example that bears witness to the colonial architecture in the administrative buildings of that time. Here you can also find the mansion where the founder of Cartagena, Pedro de Heredia, lived and a monument in honor of Christopher Columbus.
Catedral Metropolitana María Reina – Barranquilla
In the center of Barranquilla, on the western side of the Plaza de la Paz.
Construction: 1955 – 1982
Height: 38 meters
Highlights: 16-meter high sculpture of the Latin American Christ the Liberator
This cathedral is a church dedicated to the veneration of the Blessed Virgin Mary. It is an imposing modernist-style building, construction of which began in 1955 and lasted 27 years. Nowadays it is the most representative church in Barranquilla.
One reason to visit this cathedral is the imposing sculpture of the Latin American Liberator Christ, which is 16 meters high and 7 meters wide, weighs 16 tons, and is made of bronze.
There are also two large mosaics inside the cathedral. On the right side of the entrance is St. Joseph, the patron saint. On the left is the Queen Mary, the patron saint of the Metropolitan Cathedral. These mosaics are a total of 16 meters high and five meters wide, each of the figures is nine meters high.
According to one visitor, upon arrival one becomes “aware of the immensity of God and how tiny man is in the face of this greatness”.
San Nicolás de Tolentino – Barranquilla
Historic center of Barranquilla, presiding over the San Nicolas square, on the eastern side of the Bolivar promenade.
Highlights: Relics of San Nicolás de Tolentino
The Church of San Nicolás de Tolentino was declared a cultural asset of national character by the Colombian Ministry of Culture in 2005. According to its history, this church took 300 years to build. It has been open to the public again since 2011 and is captivating today with its dazzling Gothic facade.
It is a Roman Catholic church dedicated to Saint Nicholas of Tolentino, known as “the advocate of blessed souls”. Inside, as an authentic relic, there is “a small cloth” that is soaked with the blood of the incorruptible body of the saint (Nicholas) and is venerated on feast days.
The Church of San Nicolás is located on the famous square of the same name. The San Nicolás square is the setting for the work “Memoria de mis putas tristes” by the famous Colombian artist Gabriel García Márquez.
Churches in Magdalena
Catedral Basílica del Sagrario y San Miguel de Santa Marta – Santa Marta
With a beautiful white facade and a Romanesque Renaissance architectural style, we find one of the most important religious structures in Santa Marta.
The construction of this cathedral began in 1766 and is characterized by a huge and imposing tower with a bell tower. Inside the structure, we can find various interesting sights, for example, the tomb and monument of Don Rodrigo de Bastidas, who founded Santa Marta.
The Cathedral Basilica is also known for housing the remains of Simón Bolívar. He is considered the liberator of several Latin American nations. The body was here from 1830 to 1842 and was then transferred to its birthplace, Venezuela.
Churches of the Valle del Cauca
Basílica Menor del Señor de los Milagros – Buga
Historic center in Guadalajara de Buga, in the Valle del Cauca department.
Construction: 1892 to 1907
Highlights: Image of the Señor de Los Milagros de Buga (Lord of the Miracles of Buga)
This emblematic and charismatic church is known as the main tourist attraction in Buga city. The small basilica is 33 meters high and 80 meters long and has a French clock built into it. Inside is the image of the Lord of Miracles, a dark-colored sculpture (made of cast iron) depicting the already dead Christ, with his body bent over, hair soaked in blood, and lips half parted.
The story goes that one day a visitor had the picture burned. However, the figure began to sweat and the flames had no effect on the object. It was even claimed that the figure came out even more beautiful after it went through the fire. Therefore, the belief in this sculpture began to grow among all the local people.
Little by little, many believers, both local and foreign, began to visit this place to give thanks, pray and meditate. More pilgrims come with their special requests and ask the Lord to grant them miracles. In the words of one traveler: “When you enter the temple, you feel a peace that gives you strength and you just want to stay there for a long time. Because the place is filled with an energy that is difficult to find”.
- The journey time from Cali is around 90 minutes.
Iglesia de la Ermita – Cali
The church of La Ermita is located between the districts El Hoyo and El Calvario in Cali. Today you can admire a miniature version of the original church, which collapsed after an earthquake. The church is known for its Gothic style.
The Ermita preserves images such as the Virgen de los Dolores and the Señor de la Caña. It was built between 1930 and 1948 and impresses with its marble altar, which was brought from Italy. Today it is one of the landmarks of the architectural landscape of Cali city.
Churches of Nariño
Santuario de Las Lajas – Ipiales
The temple is located in the gorge of the Guáitara River, in the municipality of Ipiales, 7 kilometers from the city of San Juan de Pasto.
Construction: 1916 to 1949
Highlights: Image of the Virgin Mary of the Rosary from Las Lajas
This church is a large construction on a cliff, it is a temple and a basilica made of gray and white stone. It is known for being decorated with a crown made of gold, sapphires, diamonds, pearls, and emeralds.
The Santuario de las Lajas is a very popular church among Catholics and Christians as its architecture and appearance have turned this place into a fairy tale. Many pilgrims visit the church.
According to the story, a woman and her deaf-mute daughter were walking through the gorge of the Guáitara River when they suddenly saw the image of the Virgin Mary amid the rain and rocks. It is said that at that very moment the daughter regained her voice and was also able to hear it. This is one of the miracles attributed to the Virgin.
- The sanctuary is on the border with Tulcán, Ecuador.
- We offer more information on our blog about Las Lajas.
Churches of Caldas
Basílica de Nuestra Señora de las Mercedes – Chinchiná
This basilica is a French Gothic-style Catholic temple that has been registered since 1934. For the people of Chinchiná, it is a source of pride and an architectural jewel, as it was raised to the rank of a minor basilica on September 24, 2009, and consecrated on November 30 of the same year.
Believers visiting the basilica can take part in the sacred rites or recite the Sunday prayer (Our Father), the Ave Maria, and the symbol of faith (Creed). One of the main attractions of the church is the beautiful stained glass windows that adorn the walls of the church. These colorful works tell part of the biblical story, e.g. the death of Christ.
- The journey time from Manizales is around 50 minutes
Catedral-Basílica Metropolitana Nuestra Señora del Rosario – Manizales
Today’s Manizales Cathedral is the result of an international competition after three fires struck the city in 1922. The construction took a total of 11 years and was made with imported materials.
At a height of 115 meters from the foot of the temple, it is now the tallest cathedral in Colombia and can accommodate 5,000 people. The Metropolitan Cathedral was built in reinforced concrete, most of the elements are Gothic architecture, although it has some Byzantine and Roman details.
One of the attractions of the church is the rose window, which is located above the main gate. These commemorate the Virgin of the Rosary and were made by Mario de Ayala in Cali. Another attraction is the cathedral’s huge stained glass windows, which depict works by French, Italian and Colombian artists.
Two of the main stained glass windows in the cathedral are as follows:
- Stained glass window of the Last Supper: It depicts the Lord’s Supper that Jesus and the twelve disciples kept.
- Stained glass of Abraham and Melchizedek: It depicts Abraham at the moment of the sacrifice of his son Isaac; Melchizedek also appears and offers bread and wine.
The most important sacred dates in Colombia
Holy Week or Semana Mayor is the most important religious holiday for Catholics, not only in Colombia but also in other countries on the American continent. This week represents a time of reflection and prayer celebrated every year in Colombia between March and April.
For eight days, believers interrupt their usual activities, take part in celebrations, processions, masses and fasts, and practice abstinence to commemorate the suffering, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ.
For Catholics, each of these days has a special meaning:
- Palm Sunday = beginning of the week and commemoration of the arrival of Jesus in Jerusalem.
- Easter Monday = worship of God in the churches.
- Good Friday = the announcement of the death of Jesus.
- Holy Wednesday = the planning of the betrayal of Jesus.
- Holy Thursday = the last supper.
- Good Friday = the crucifixion and death of Jesus.
- Holy Saturday = Easter Vigil.
- Easter Sunday = the end of Holy Week with the resurrection of Christ.
This week we are reminded that Colombia is considered one of the most Catholic countries in the world (despite freedom of religion).
This is undoubtedly a time of faith and meditation for the believer, but it is also a week of culture and spectacle. Find out more about this festival in my blog Semana Santa in Popayán.
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