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Colombiafrank’s Medellin Colombia Travel Guide

Feria de las flores medellín Colombia

Updated on 03/12/2024

Dear readers
My name is Frank and I run a tour operator in Bogota, specializing in custom-made and Colombia luxury travel.

At the end of this guide you will find a list of many other helpful travel guides for Colombia.

Tours in Medellin

There are a bunch of tour operators and guides in Medellin and some offer great tours. Below you will find the most common public tours, which I can recommend. If you are more of a private tour type, you can always contact me and I will offer you a great experience.

Tour Comuna 13

Comuna 13 Tour is a popular activity in Colombia. To reach there, simply take the Metro to San Javier station.

There are many tour operators for Comuna 13. Some tours are free, but they expect a tip of at least 20,000 Pesos. Others might charge up to 70,000 Pesos for each person in a group. Some tours claim the money is used for social projects.

I’ve visited Comuna 13 four times: two times by myself, once with a private guide, and once with Kabala, a local guide. Going with a guide is recommended. They provide important information about the area’s history. If you only want to take photos of the graffiti, you can go by yourself. The area is safe for tourists, including blonde women, because tourism supports their economy. I enjoyed the private tour the most because we could choose where to eat and had more chances to talk with local people. Tourists are encouraged to buy from local shops in Comuna 13.

Things to bring:

  • Casual clothes
  • Rain gear
  • Sunscreen
  • A camera or video recorder. The area is safe, so you can bring a high-quality camera.

Free Walking Tour in Medellín

There are several companies providing free walking tours in Medellín. One of the top companies is Real City Tours. Their tour covers key spots in downtown Medellín. You’ll learn about the city’s history, and culture, and even taste some local foods.

If you’re new to Medellín, this tour is a great start. However, expect to be in a group of more than 20 people. Even though it’s a “free” tour, participants usually tip the guides. So, the cost depends on the tip you give.

Tours are available from Monday to Saturday at three times: 9:15, 10:25, and 14:20. They begin at the Alpujarra Metro Station.

Things to bring:

  • Casual clothes
  • Rain gear
  • Sunscreen
  • Camera or video recorder.

Main Attractions and Activities in Medellin

Medellin tourist attractions map

Comuna 13

Comuna 13 is a neighborhood in Medellín that has turned to tourism as a way to rebuild and sustain its community. Once infamous for its high levels of violence, it is now a testament to transformation and resilience. Visitors today are greeted with vibrant street art, captivating stories, welcoming locals, and a panoramic view of Medellín. This area offers a deep dive into the country’s history, making it a must-visit for those wanting to understand Colombia better.

For a meaningful experience in Comuna 13, consider hiring a local guide. They can share insights about the area’s history and ensure you don’t get lost. Some guides meet visitors at the “San Javier” metro station. From there, you can take the 255 bus to go uphill directly into the neighborhood.

Comuna 13 is sometimes extremely overcrowded. You should therefore not necessarily visit these on weekends.

Commune 13 in Medellin

Arvi Park

Arví Park is an ecotourism spot near Medellín. It covers 16,000 hectares and offers activities like hiking, bike tours, and bird watching. If you appreciate nature, it’s a great place to visit. Entrance is free, but there’s a charge if you wish to use a guide.

How to get there:

  1. Start by taking the Metro to the Acevedo Station.
  2. Switch to the Metrocable Line K and go to the Santo Domingo station.
  3. From Santo Domingo, switch to Line L which takes you directly to Arví Park.

While in the area, consider visiting the nearby Santa Elena region, known for its flower farms.

Botero Square

Botero Square, situated in the heart of Medellín, boasts the world’s most extensive outdoor exhibition of works by the eminent Colombian artist, Fernando Botero. Born in Medellín in 1932, Botero is celebrated for his distinctive style characterized by rounded, exaggerated forms.

The square displays 23 monumental bronze sculptures, generously donated by Botero to his hometown in 2004. These statues, reflecting everyday life and Colombian culture, have since become emblematic of the city’s public art scene.

Adjacent to the square is the Antioquia Museum, housing an impressive collection of Botero’s paintings, along with pieces by other notable artists. Opposite the museum stands the Rafael Uribe Palace of Culture, a Neo-Gothic structure completed in the early 20th century and named after a former president of Colombia, Rafael Uribe Uribe. This building serves as a cultural center and stands as a testament to Medellín’s architectural heritage.

For those wishing to visit, the easiest way to access Botero Square is by taking the metro to the Parque Berrio station. Given its historical and cultural significance, a visit to this square offers both locals and tourists an opportunity to immerse themselves in the artistic soul of Medellín.

The security situation on and around Botero Square (city center) is not always good. Consult locals before visiting the place on your own.

Statue of Botero Square

Antioquia Museum

Art aficionados and those intrigued by Fernando Botero’s contributions to the art world will find the Museum of Antioquia to be a rewarding destination. The museum proudly showcases over 5,000 pieces of art, primarily from Colombian artists, with a prominent section dedicated to the iconic works of Botero.

Strategically located adjacent to Plaza Botero, the museum provides easy access for visitors already exploring the famous plaza’s sculptures.

Pricing and Discounts (as of 2023):

  • Entrance Fee for Foreigners: COP 20,000
  • Senior Citizens (60+ years): Benefit from a 50% reduction.
  • Groups: Groups comprising 5 or more individuals are eligible for a 30% discount.

Exploring the Museum of Antioquia offers visitors a profound insight into Colombia’s rich artistic legacy, making it a key highlight in any Medellín tour.

Museum of Antioquia in the city of Medellin

Botanical Garden

Established in 1972, the Botanical Garden in Medellín offers a sprawling green oasis amidst the urban landscape. Covering 40 acres, it’s not just a place to explore Colombian flora, but it also serves as a living museum dedicated to preserving and promoting biodiversity.

Throughout its history, the garden has been a haven for botanists, nature enthusiasts, and those seeking tranquility. Visitors can explore over 4,500 flowers and 139 recorded bird species, reflecting the rich biodiversity of Colombia.

Beyond its natural offerings, the garden frequently hosts cultural events, workshops, and educational programs. While general admission remains free as of 2023, it’s prudent to check in advance for any special events or exhibitions that might have separate entry requirements or fees.

Adjacent to the Botanical Garden is the renowned Explora Park, a science and technology museum that adds to the area’s educational and recreational appeal.

For convenience, travelers can access the Botanical Garden via the metro by getting off the Universidad station.

The Botanical Garden of Medellin from the skies

Parque Explora

Opened in 2008, Explora Park in Medellín is a testament to interactive learning and fun, beckoning visitors to relive the wonderment of their childhood. Spanning over 22,000 square meters, this modern science and technology museum houses multiple thematic rooms that dive deep into topics like physics, biology, and astronomy.

Every exhibit, from the touch-friendly installations to innovative educational toys, encourages hands-on learning. Whether you’re understanding the principles of optics or exploring the intricacies of the human body, the park ensures an engaging experience at every turn.

One of the park’s crowning jewels is its impressive freshwater aquarium, recognized as the largest in South America. With over 4,000 creatures from Colombian rivers and lakes, it provides a fascinating insight into the region’s diverse aquatic life.


  • Opening year: 2008
  • Size: Approximately 22,000 square meters
  • Entrance fee: 20,000 COP (as of 2023)
  • Location: The park enjoys a prime location next to the University of Antioquia and the Botanical Garden.
  • Metro accessibility: To get there, hop on the metro and alight at the Universidad station.

For those with a zest for knowledge and a penchant for fun, Explora Park in Medellín is an unmissable destination.

Museum of Modern Art

Founded in 1978, the Contemporary Art Museum in Medellín has long been a centerpiece for the modern artistic movement within Colombia and the wider Latin American region. Over the years, the museum has amassed a significant collection, boasting works from some of the most prominent Colombian and Latin American artists of the 20th and 21st centuries.

Recognizing the need for more space due to its burgeoning collection and the rising interest in contemporary art, the museum underwent a significant expansion in 2015. This not only allowed it to better display its permanent collection but also to host an array of temporary exhibitions, providing fresh perspectives and attracting international collaborators.


  • Foundation year: 1978
  • Expansion year: 2015
  • Entrance fee: 12,000 COP (approximately 3 USD as of 2023).
  • Metro accessibility: Reach the museum effortlessly by taking the metro to the Industriales station.

Santa Elena

Situated just 17 kilometers from Medellín’s bustling city center, the verdant region of Santa Elena is emblematic of Colombia’s rich floral heritage. This high-altitude area, with its cool climate and fertile soils, is pivotal to the country’s flower industry.

Santa Elena is particularly renowned for its traditional “silleteros”. These skilled artisans cultivate flowers year-round and create intricate arrangements for Medellín’s annual Flower Fair. Their farms, or “fincas”, have become a must-visit destination for those keen to understand the heart and soul of Colombia’s flower tradition. Visitors can take guided tours of these farms, to witness the cultivation process, learn about various flower species, and even try their hand at creating their own “silleta” arrangements.

Colombia’s Flower Market

Colombia ranks as the second-largest flower exporter in the world, with the industry thriving mainly due to the country’s diverse climates which allow a wide variety of flowers to flourish. Here are some key data points:

  • Diverse Cultivation: Colombia is home to over 1,500 species of orchids alone and grows a myriad of other flowers, including roses, carnations, lilies, and chrysanthemums.
  • Major Exporter: About 80% of the flowers imported by the U.S. come from Colombia. The country also has a strong presence in European and Asian markets.
  • Floral Regions: While Bogotá and the surrounding savanna are the primary flower-producing regions due to their altitude and climate, areas like Santa Elena in Medellín contribute significantly to the country’s local floral landscape and traditions.
  • Sustainable Farming: With the flower industry being vital for Colombia’s economy, there’s an increasing emphasis on sustainable farming. Many farms now employ eco-friendly practices, ensuring that the beauty of Colombian flowers is also responsible.

For visitors and flower enthusiasts, Santa Elena is more than just a tourist spot. It’s a living testament to Colombia’s floral traditions, providing insights into the vibrant tapestry of colors, fragrances, and stories that have shaped the nation’s identity.

Memory House Museum (Museo de la Memoria)

The Museum of Memory in Medellín stands as a poignant testament to Colombia’s tumultuous past. Established with the aim of shedding light on the armed conflict that plagued Medellín and the broader Colombian landscape, this museum offers a comprehensive and deeply moving insight into a period that has left indelible marks on the nation’s psyche.

Characterized by its interactive exhibits, visitors are taken on a journey through time. Multimedia presentations, personal testimonies, and artifacts come together to paint a vivid picture of the challenges, tragedies, and resilience of the Colombian people during these testing times.

Key Features:

  • Interactive Exhibits: The museum employs state-of-the-art technology, ensuring that visitors don’t just observe history but also engage with it. The multi-sensory experience provides a deeper understanding of the events that transpired.
  • Personal Stories: One of the museum’s strengths is its emphasis on personal narratives. These stories, recounted by survivors, families, and witnesses, offer an intimate perspective on the human cost of the conflict.
  • Educational Resource: Beyond serving as a repository of history, the museum also functions as an educational hub. It plays a vital role in informing newer generations about the past, ensuring that the lessons learned are not forgotten.
  • Location: Situated within the Bicentennial Park, the museum’s setting further reinforces its significance. The park itself serves as a space for reflection, making the museum visit an even more contemplative experience.

For those keen to delve into Colombia’s complex history and the city of Medellín’s own struggles and transformations, the Museum of Memory is an essential stop. Through its exhibits, the museum not only educates but also stands as a beacon of hope, emphasizing the importance of reconciliation, understanding, and progress.

Lleras Park

Lleras Park in El Poblado district is a fun spot for tourists and locals alike.

  • Vibrant Nightlife: Thursday to Saturday nights are particularly electrifying. With an array of bars and clubs playing everything from salsa to reggaeton and international hits, there’s something to suit every musical palate.
  • Gastronomic Delights: Beyond its nightlife, Lleras Park is also a gastronomic haven. The area boasts a diverse range of restaurants, from local Colombian delicacies to international cuisines. Whether you’re seeking a hearty meal or a light snack, there’s plenty to choose from.
  • Shopping Opportunities: For those who prefer retail therapy, the area around Lleras Park offers a variety of shops. From trendy boutiques to artisanal crafts, shoppers are sure to find unique souvenirs and fashionable finds.
  • Safety: The well-lit streets, security presence, and friendly atmosphere make strolling through the Lleras Park area feel secure, allowing visitors to relax and enjoy the ambiance.
  • Accessibility: Though the vibrant scene feels worlds away, Lleras Park is conveniently accessible. The nearest metro station, Poblado, is just a 15-minute uphill walk away, connecting visitors to other parts of the city with ease.
  • Child Exploitation and Prostitution: Unfortunately, child exploitation and prostitution have grown tremendously in recent years and are now openly promoted. The best way to counteract this trend is to denounce it locally. Complain about it to your hotel and local authorities.

Nutibara Hill

Perched prominently in Medellín, Nutibara Hill (or “Cerro Nutibara”) offers visitors a combination of breathtaking city panoramas and a dive into the region’s rich culture.

Key Features:

  • City Views: Nutibara Hill is one of the few natural elevations in Medellín. Its strategic location provides a sweeping vista of the city’s urban expanse, juxtaposed against the backdrop of distant mountains. It’s a must-visit for photographers and anyone wishing to take in the grandeur of Medellín.
  • Pueblito Paisa: At the summit, visitors are greeted by Pueblito Paisa, a replica of a traditional Antioquian town. Walking through its quaint cobbled streets, one can experience a bygone era. The town boasts a church, a school, a fountain, and several other structures characteristic of the region’s classic architecture.
  • Accessibility: While the hill is accessible by metro (the nearest station is Industriales), the recommended and most convenient way is by taxi, especially if you wish to avoid a steep climb.
  • Additional Attractions: Beyond the views and Pueblito Paisa, the hill also features sculptures, gardens, and walking paths. It’s an ideal location for a leisurely stroll or a relaxing afternoon.

Nutibara Hill stands as a testament to Medellín’s blend of the modern and the traditional. Whether you’re an avid photographer, a history enthusiast, or simply someone looking to enjoy a peaceful escape without leaving the city, Nutibara Hill promises a fulfilling experience.

North Park

Located in the heart of Medellín, North Park offers visitors a delightful blend of excitement and entertainment. It’s a destination for both adrenaline junkies and families looking for a day of fun.


  • Roller Coasters and Rides: As an amusement park, North Park boasts a range of thrilling rides, including roller coasters that promise heart-pounding excitement. From high-speed twists and turns to gentler rides for younger visitors, there’s something for everyone.
  • Prime Location: One of the park’s advantages is its central location. Situated right opposite the Botanical Garden, it allows visitors to combine a day of adrenaline-charged fun with a serene stroll among nature.
  • Accessibility: Reaching North Park is hassle-free. It’s conveniently located near the Universidad metro station.
  • Nearby Attractions: Apart from the Botanical Garden, the park’s location is close to other significant city attractions such as Explora Park and the University of Antioquia. It’s a hub of activity, ensuring a day packed with varied experiences.

If you are looking for more activities, check out our Activities & Attractions in Medellin Shortlist.

Discovering Medellín, Colombia

  • Location: Situated in the Aburrá Valley of the Andes Mountains in the department of Antioquia.
  • Population: Approximately 2.5 million residents.
  • Climate: Tropical rainforest climate, but due to its altitude (1,495 m and 4,904 ft above sea level), it experiences a mild temperature year-round. It’s also known as the “City of Eternal Spring.”

Important Dates & Historical Highlights:

  • 1675: The town of Medellín was founded.
  • 1826: Medellín was officially recognized as a city.
  • 20th Century: The city experienced rapid industrialization and urban growth. It became the industrial center of Colombia.
  • 1980s – 1990s: Medellín faced challenges from organized crime, particularly the Medellín Cartel led by Pablo Escobar. The city was considered one of the most dangerous in the world during this period.
  • 2000s – Present: Medellín underwent a dramatic transformation. Investments in public infrastructure, social programs, and security measures have turned it into a model of urban development and innovation.
  • 2013: The city was awarded the “Innovative City of the Year” by the Wall Street Journal, beating out New York and Tel Aviv.

Key Data:

  • Economy: Medellín is known for its textile industry, especially its production of wool, cotton, and synthetic fibers. The city is also home to numerous multinational corporations.
  • Public Transportation: The Medellín Metro is the only metro system in Colombia and has been pivotal in the city’s urban development. The city also introduced cable cars, which connect marginalized hillside communities to the metro system.
  • Culture: Medellín hosts several events annually, including the Feria de las Flores (Flower Festival) and the International Poetry Festival of Medellín.

Medellín’s journey from a hub of violence to a beacon of innovation and transformation has become a global example of urban development. The city continues to thrive, drawing tourists, expatriates, and businesses from around the world.

Activities and Attractions outside Medellin

Guatapé & El Peñol

Nestled amidst the scenic landscapes of Antioquia, Guatapé stands out as one of the most vibrant and picturesque towns in Colombia. With its rich tapestry of colors and unique Zócalos (decorative reliefs), it’s a haven for travelers seeking both cultural immersion and natural beauty.

Travel Insights:

  • Vibrant Village: Guatapé is renowned for its brightly colored houses adorned with Zócalos, reflecting a range of themes from Colombia’s history and culture to daily life. Its charm and allure make it a must-visit for anyone traveling in the region.
  • Accessibility: Located roughly 2 hours away from Medellín, Guatapé is easily reachable. Buses frequently depart from the northern transport terminal and are reasonably priced at around 15,000 COP. For a more personalized experience, hiring a guide with private transport is a good choice. Additionally, there are multiple local operators offering affordable group tours, and for those seeking luxury, a helicopter ride offers a grand aerial perspective of the area.
  • El Peñol: Dominating the Peñol-Guatapé reservoir, this monolithic rock is a natural marvel. A climb of 740 steps might sound daunting, but the panoramic views from the top are truly unparalleled. Overlooking the sprawling artificial lake and myriad islets, it provides a serene moment to bask in nature’s grandeur. And yes, the pinnacle offers refreshments to recharge!
  • Current Costs: As of March 2023, the entrance fee to El Peñol stands at 25,000 COP. However, prices may have changed, so it’s recommended to check in advance.
  • Reservoir Chronicles: The Peñol-Guatapé reservoir is an engineering marvel from the 1970s and provides a serene backdrop to the region. Boat tours offer a chance to navigate its waters and appreciate the surroundings.
  • Weekends and Public Holidays: I recommend not visiting El Penol and Guatape on weekends and holidays. The flow of visitors is so large these days that the experience becomes more of a nightmare.

When in the Medellín region, a detour to Guatapé and El Peñol promises a blend of cultural vibrancy and nature’s magnificence. Whether you’re ascending the giant rock or strolling through the kaleidoscopic streets of Guatapé, it’s an experience that captures the essence of Colombia’s heartland.

The Penol stone


Nestled in the majestic Andean mountains of Antioquia, El Jardín has remained relatively untouched by time. With its serene landscapes and rich heritage, it’s no wonder the town has been designated as one of the 17 Colombian Heritage Towns.

Historical and Cultural Significance:

  • Founding: El Jardín was officially founded on March 23, 1863. Its history intertwines with Antioquia’s coffee-growing culture and colonial past.
  • Architectural Marvels: Many of the town’s structures, like the Basilica of the Immaculate Conception, date back to the late 19th and early 20th centuries, showcasing the intricate craftsmanship of the era.
  • Festivals: The town is known for its vibrant celebrations. One of the most notable is the “Festival of the Tourist” held in January, which celebrates the town’s cultural and natural heritage.

Natural Wonders:

  • Cave Exploration: The “Cueva del Esplendor,” a cave with a waterfall inside, is a popular attraction. Discovered in the 1960s, it has since become a prime spot for adventurers.
  • Flora and Fauna: Due to its elevation and climate, El Jardín boasts a diverse ecosystem. Over the past few decades, initiatives have been taken to conserve and document the numerous bird species found here. The region, in recent data from 2021, is known to host over 270 different bird species.

Practical Information:

  • How to get to El Jardín: The town is accessible from the South Bus Terminal in Medellín. As of 2022, the bus fare is approximately 30,000 COP one way per person. Ensure you check the bus schedule in advance, as the frequency might vary.
  • Accommodation and Dining: Over the past decade, El Jardín has seen a rise in boutique hotels and homestays, catering to both budget and luxury travelers. As of 2022, a typical meal at a local restaurant would cost around 15,000 to 25,000 COP.
  • Local Crafts: The town is known for its handicrafts. In recent years, initiatives have been taken to promote local artisans. If you visit in late November, you might catch the “Handicrafts Fair,” an annual event showcasing the best of local craftsmanship.

Remember, El Jardín’s beauty lies in its slow-paced life and preserved history. It’s a journey back in time, giving visitors a chance to experience Colombia’s rich past.

Santa Fe de Antioquia

Santa Fe de Antioquia stands as a testament to Colombia’s rich colonial past, with its cobbled streets, grand churches, and centuries-old homes. As one of the esteemed Colombian Heritage Towns, its historical value and preservation efforts have earned national recognition.

Historical and Architectural Significance:

  • Founding: Established on December 4, 1541, Santa Fe de Antioquia has a legacy spanning over 480 years.
  • Colonial Capital: It served as the capital of Antioquia until 1826, playing a pivotal role in the region’s administrative and cultural evolution.
  • Colonial Architecture: The town is adorned with exemplary Spanish colonial architecture, with landmarks such as the Cathedral Basilica of the Immaculate Conception and Plaza Mayor.

Natural and Man-made Attractions:

  • Puente de Occidente: This iconic suspension bridge, inaugurated in 1895, was once the longest in South America. An engineering marvel of its time, it spans the Cauca River and serves as a reminder of the advancements of the era.
  • Scenic Beauty: The town is set against the backdrop of the Western Andean mountain range, offering breathtaking views, especially during sunrise and sunset.

Cultural Highlights:

  • Filigree Artistry: Santa Fe de Antioquia is renowned for its skilled silversmiths who craft intricate filigree jewelry. This age-old tradition has been passed down through generations and stands as a symbol of the town’s cultural heritage.
  • Festivals: Among its many celebrations, the International Film Festival of Santa Fe de Antioquia, typically held in December, is a notable event that has grown in prominence in recent years.

Practical Information:

  • Reaching Santa Fe de Antioquia: Easily accessible from Medellín’s Northern Terminal located near Caribe Metro Station on Line A. As of 2022, bus fare is approximately 15,000 COP one way per person. The journey offers scenic views and takes around 1 hour.
  • Local Cuisine: While visiting, try traditional dishes such as “tamal antioqueño” and “arepas de chócolo.” As of 2022, a typical meal in local eateries ranges between 10,000 to 20,000 COP.

Santa Fe de Antioquia is not just a destination but an experience, a journey into Colombia’s bygone era. Whether you’re a history buff, nature lover, or art enthusiast, the town offers a unique blend of all.


Fredonia, nestled amidst the rolling hills of Antioquia, stands as a beacon of Colombia’s esteemed coffee culture. This quaint town, though lesser-known than some other Colombian destinations, offers a unique and authentic journey into the world of coffee.

Coffee Heritage:

  • Coffee Farms: Fredonia boasts numerous coffee farms, ranging from small family-owned plots to larger commercial operations. Visitors can take guided tours of these Fincas, learning about the coffee-making process from bean to cup.
  • Coffee Tastings: Many farms offer coffee tasting sessions where one can sample and savor the nuances of different coffee brews. Learn about flavor profiles, roasting techniques, and the art of coffee cupping.
  • Sustainable Practices: With the growing emphasis on sustainable and organic farming, several farms in Fredonia have adopted eco-friendly practices, ensuring that the coffee you enjoy is not only delicious but also responsible.

Natural Beauty and Outdoor Activities:

  • Hiking: The lush landscapes of Fredonia are crisscrossed with hiking trails. These routes offer panoramic views of coffee plantations, waterfalls, and the distant Andes.
  • Bird Watching: The region’s rich biodiversity makes it a haven for bird enthusiasts. Spot a variety of endemic and migratory bird species while exploring the area.

Cultural Insights:

  • Local Life: While coffee is undeniably a significant aspect of Fredonia, the town itself offers insights into local life. Wander the town square, visit local eateries, and interact with the warm and welcoming residents.
  • Festivals: Like many Colombian towns, Fredonia has its own set of traditional celebrations. If your visit coincides with a local festival, you’re in for a treat. Music, dance, and community spirit come alive during these events.

Practical Information:

  • Getting to Fredonia: From Medellín, head to the Transport Terminal del Sur. Buses to Fredonia are frequent, and as of 2022, a one-way ticket costs approximately 20,000 to 25,000 COP. The scenic drive, with views of the countryside, takes about 2 hours.
  • Stay Options: Fredonia offers a range of accommodations, from cozy bed and breakfasts to luxury resorts. For a complete coffee experience, consider staying at a farm or finca.

Fredonia provides a delightful escape from the hustle and bustle, especially for those keen on understanding the roots of Colombia’s world-renowned coffee culture.

El Carmen de Viboral

Historical Significance:

  • Ancient Roots: The ceramic-making tradition of El Carmen de Viboral is believed to have pre-Hispanic origins. Indigenous communities utilized the rich clay deposits in the region to create pottery, which was used for both daily life and ceremonial purposes.
  • Colonial Influence: With the arrival of the Spanish, new techniques and styles merged with indigenous practices. The unique blend of these two worlds can be seen in the distinct designs that characterize the ceramics from this region.

Modern-Day Significance:

  • Economic Impact: The ceramic industry has become a significant source of employment for many in El Carmen. The town exports its ceramics not only across Colombia but also internationally, bringing economic prosperity to the region.
  • Cultural Events: The town frequently hosts ceramic fairs, exhibitions, and competitions, where artisans from different parts of Colombia converge to showcase their work, exchange techniques, and celebrate the rich tradition of ceramic-making.

Local Attractions:

  • Ceramic Museum: Located in the heart of the town, this museum is a treasure trove for those keen on understanding the history, techniques, and significance of ceramics in El Carmen. The exhibits cover the evolution of ceramic art, from ancient times to contemporary designs.
  • Workshop Tours: Artisans often open their doors to visitors, allowing them to witness the process of ceramic-making firsthand. From molding the clay to the final firing, these tours offer a comprehensive look at the craft.
  • Pottery Classes: For those wishing to get their hands dirty, several workshops offer classes where visitors can try their hand at creating their own ceramic pieces.

Practical Information:

  • Getting to El Carmen de Viboral: It’s situated roughly 54 km from Medellín. Regular buses ply between Medellín’s Transport Terminal and El Carmen. As of 2022, the journey takes about 1.5 hours, and a ticket costs approximately 15,000 to 20,000 COP.
  • Local Markets: Don’t miss out on visiting the local markets, where a plethora of ceramic items are available for purchase. It’s an ideal place to pick up unique souvenirs.
  • Stay and Cuisine: El Carmen de Viboral offers a range of accommodations, from quaint B&Bs to boutique hotels. Also, try local delicacies, especially dishes served on the region’s signature ceramic plates.

A visit to El Carmen de Viboral provides a unique opportunity to immerse oneself in a living tradition that beautifully marries history, art, and community. Whether you’re an art enthusiast, a history buff, or just a curious traveler, this town promises a memorable experience.

If you are looking for more activities and destinations, check out our Activities & Attractions outside Medellin Shortlist.

Medellin Accommodation Guide

El Poblado Neighborhood

  • Safety: El Poblado is regarded as one of the safest neighborhoods in Medellín, especially in the daytime. As always, exercise caution, particularly in crowded places like Lleras Park at night.
  • Accommodation: The area boasts a diverse range of accommodation options, from hostels to upscale hotels. Many establishments offer picturesque views of Medellín’s hilly landscape.
  • Shopping: Visit “El Tesoro” or “Santa Fe” shopping malls for a blend of local and international brands.

Laureles Neighborhood

  • Cultural Vibe: Laureles provides a more Colombian experience than the predominantly expat-oriented El Poblado. Stroll around “La 70” boulevard to soak in the local atmosphere.
  • Parks and Recreation: Visit the “Segundo Parque de Laureles” for a relaxing evening or to try local street food.
  • Connectivity: As of 2022, a taxi or Uber ride to the nearest metro station won’t take more than 10 minutes.

Belén District

  • Viewpoint: “Cerro de las Tres Cruces” offers a panoramic view of Medellín. It’s a popular spot for early-morning workouts.
  • Local Markets: Discover authentic Colombian goods in the local markets, where vendors sell everything from fresh produce to handmade crafts.
  • Cultural Institutions: “Casa de la Cultura de Belén” often holds cultural events and workshops that allow visitors to engage with the community.

Envigado District

  • Historical Charm: Envigado’s town square, with its church and traditional buildings, offers a quaint glimpse into Antioquia’s past.
  • Nature: “Parque Ecologico El Salado” is a serene escape for those looking to connect with nature. Its walking trails, waterfalls, and picnic areas are great for relaxation.
  • Local Cuisine: Envigado is known for its traditional eateries, offering delicacies such as “arepas”, “bandeja paisa”, and “empanadas”.

Where to Stay?

Your choice entirely depends on your preferences:

  • Vibrant Nightlife: El Poblado or La 70 in Laureles.
  • Authentic Local Experience: Laureles Center or Belén.
  • Peaceful Residential Feel: Envigado.

No matter where you choose, Medellín’s robust public transport system, including its famed metro and cable cars, ensures that all parts of the city are easily accessible. With its welcoming locals and diverse neighborhoods, Medellín promises an enriching experience for every traveler.

For more details on places to stay, see our Medellín accommodation blogs below:

Cultural Agenda of Medellin

Medellín, with its year-round springlike weather, is not just known for its climate, but also for its rich cultural tapestry. Here’s a deeper dive into some of the cultural events and venues you’ve mentioned, as well as a few more you might find interesting:

  • Medellín Metropolitan Theater: A modern architectural marvel, this theater is the hub for performing arts in the city. Hosting everything from opera to ballet, the theater is home to the Medellín Philharmonic Orchestra.
  • El Águila Descalza: Translated as ‘The Barefoot Eagle,’ this theater group is known for its humorous takes on Colombian society. Their plays are insightful, comedic, and deeply rooted in the local culture.
  • Historic Lido Theater: As the name suggests, this theater holds a vintage charm. Refurbished and brought back to life, the theater hosts cultural events, film screenings, and more.
  • Tango in Medellín: Medellín’s love affair with Tango is deep-rooted. The city boasts numerous tango clubs, schools, and events. Beyond the venues you mentioned, the Museo Casa Gardeliana pays tribute to Carlos Gardel, showcasing the history of tango in the city.
  • Flower Fair in Medellín: This vibrant festival, lasting for about 10 days, showcases silleteros (flower vendors) who create elaborate floral arrangements. The highlight is the Desfile de Silleteros, a parade where they display their intricate designs.
  • Jazz Festival in Medellín: This event sees international and local jazz musicians flock to the city, bringing with them a blend of classic jazz, Latin jazz, and even some experimental sounds.
  • Rock in Medellín: Altavoz Festival is the go-to event for rock enthusiasts. Spanning a few days, it features local, national, and international rock bands across various sub-genres.

Additional Cultural Highlights

  • Medellín International Film Festival: Usually held in October, this festival promotes both Colombian cinema and international films.
  • Colombia Bird Fair: Given that Colombia is home to the highest number of bird species in the world, this event (usually in February) is significant. It involves bird-watching tours, lectures, and workshops.
  • Book and Culture Festival: Happening around September, this event gathers national and international authors for panels, discussions, and book signings.

Tips for Visitors

  • Event Schedules: It’s always a good idea to check the exact dates of events, as they can change year by year.
  • Advance Booking: For major events like Colombiamoda or the Jazz Festival, consider booking tickets in advance.
  • Local Interaction: Many events, especially those like the Flower Fair, are deeply cultural. Engaging with locals can provide deeper insights and make the experience more enriching.

Medellín, often dubbed the “City of Eternal Spring,” offers not just pleasant weather but a bouquet of cultural experiences that resonate deeply with both its history and its forward-looking aspirations.

Also, check out our blog on The Most Popular Cultural Events in Medellin.

Food in Medellin

Medellín, known as the City of Eternal Spring, is not only culturally rich but also a culinary paradise. The city offers a blend of traditional Paisa dishes with contemporary flavors. Here are some iconic dishes and culinary experiences from Medellín and the broader Antioquia region:

  • Bandeja Paisa:
    • The flagship dish of Medellín and Antioquia. Originally from the Andean region of Colombia, this hearty platter is typically served with beans, white rice, ground beef, chicharrón (pork rind), morcilla (black pudding), chorizo (sausage), avocado, fried plantain, arepa, and a fried egg. It’s a symbol of the region’s generous hospitality. Remember, it’s a very filling dish, so come with a big appetite!
  • Mondongo:
    • A thick soup made from diced tripe (the stomach of cattle) that’s slow-cooked with a blend of spices, vegetables, and coriander. It’s often accompanied by rice, banana, avocado, and lemon.
  • Arepas Antioqueñas:
    • A staple in Paisa cuisine, these are thick, round corn cakes that can be grilled, baked, or fried. They’re often enjoyed with toppings or fillings like cheese, meats, or avocados.
  • Mazamorra:
    • A traditional Paisa drink made with crushed maize and milk. It’s usually sweetened with panela (unrefined sugar) and is served chilled.
  • Empanadas Antioqueñas:
    • Cornmeal patties filled with various ingredients, most commonly a mixture of meat, rice, and potatoes. They’re deep-fried until golden and crispy.
  • Chicharrón con Arepa:
    • Deep-fried pork belly that’s crispy on the outside and tender on the inside, served with the Antioqueña arepa.
  • Trucha al Ajillo:
    • Trout, commonly found in the freshwater sources around the region, prepared with a rich garlic sauce and typically served with patacones (flattened, fried green plantains).
  • Huevos Pericos:
    • A breakfast favorite made of scrambled eggs mixed with diced tomatoes and scallions. It’s typically served with arepas.
  • Postre de Natas:
    • A creamy dessert made from milk, sugar, and a hint of cinnamon.

Best Time to Visit Medellin

Medellín, famously referred to as the “City of Eternal Spring”, enjoys a consistently temperate climate, making it a year-round destination. However, your ideal time to visit may depend on a combination of the weather and local events or festivals.

Weather Perspective

  • Dry Months: December to March and July to August are considered the driest months. If you prefer outdoor activities or city exploration without the inconvenience of rain, this period might be ideal.
  • Rainy Months: April, May, September, and October are the wettest months. While this might imply more rainfall, the showers are often short-lived and can provide a refreshing break. The lush green landscapes post-rain can be a visual treat.
  • Temperature: The city maintains a pleasant average temperature of 23ºC (74ºF) throughout the year. Warm days might see temperatures peak at 27ºC (80ºF) while cooler nights can drop slightly, but never to extremes.

Transportation in Medellín

Medellín stands out for having one of the most efficient and integrated public transport systems in Latin America. Here’s a breakdown:

Metro System

  • Medellín Metro: This is Colombia’s pride. Not only is it the country’s only metro system, but it’s also impeccably maintained, punctual, and clean. The Metro connects the city from the north to the south and from the downtown to the west through its various lines.
  • Metrocable: A complementary extension of the Metro, these cable cars connect the city’s hilly neighborhoods, offering both a practical transport solution and panoramic views of the city.
  • Metroplus: A bus rapid transit (BRT) system that supplements the Metro.
  • Tram: A tram system that runs through certain parts of the city.


  • A single ticket costs under 3,000 COP (around 1 USD).
  • The “Cívica” card allows commuters to switch between different modes of transport at a discounted rate.

Operating Hours:

  • The Metro operates from Monday to Saturday between 4:30 a.m. and 11:00 p.m., and on Sundays and holidays from 5:00 a.m. to 10:00 p.m.
  • The Arví cable car doesn’t operate on the first business day of the week. From Tuesday to Saturday, it operates from 9:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m., and on Sundays and holidays, it’s functional from 8:30 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.

App: The ‘Metro de Medellín’ app provides schedules, routes, and other pertinent information about the Metro system.

Maps: Comprehensive transportation maps can be downloaded from the Metro de Medellín website.

Bus Terminals

Medellín has two primary bus terminals that connect the city with various regional and national destinations.

  • South Terminal: Situated closer to the city’s southern parts, this terminal primarily serves routes heading south and west of Medellín. This includes destinations like Cali, the Coffee Triangle, and the Pacific Coast.
  • North Terminal: Located near the Caribe Metro Station, this terminal handles routes heading north and east. This is the terminal you’d use for destinations like Bogotá, the Caribbean Coast, and more.

Both terminals house various amenities, including restaurants, shops, and booking offices, ensuring travelers have everything they need for a comfortable journey.

My Likes and Dislikes About Medellin: A Personal Perspective

What I like About Medellín:

  • Pleasant Climate: Its year-round mild and spring-like weather makes the city very appealing.
  • Cleanliness and Organization: The city is relatively well-maintained, with modern infrastructure, efficient public transportation, and numerous green spaces.
  • Economic and Business Hub: Medellín has positioned itself as a significant business center in Colombia, and its residents often exude a business-focused mindset.
  • Friendly Culture: Paisas, as the locals are known, are renowned for their warmth and friendliness. Their welcoming nature and pride in their city are evident.
  • Safety: Though this might be subjective, Medellín has come a long way from its turbulent past. With increased police presence and urban developments, many areas of the city feel safer than before.
  • Diversity of Experiences: Every visit to Medellín offers something new. Be it a new restaurant, cultural event, or neighborhood, there’s always something fresh to explore.

What I Don’t Like About Medellín:

While Medellín has its share of allure, there are aspects of the city that can be off-putting for some:

  • Certain Foreign Visitors: Medellín attracts a varied crowd, and unfortunately, not all come with the best intentions. Some expatriates and tourists, instead of immersing themselves in the local culture, choose to live in isolated bubbles. The lack of effort to learn the language or appreciate the local customs can sometimes create a divide.
  • Vices: Medellín has had a troubled history with drugs, and while the city has made considerable strides forward, issues with drugs, prostitution, and child exploitation persist. Areas like Lleras Park, especially during weekends, can sometimes display the darker side of the city’s nightlife.
  • Over-tourism: As the city becomes increasingly popular, certain areas can feel overwhelmed, leading to the dilution of authentic experiences.

In summary, while Medellín offers a plethora of experiences and boasts many positive attributes, it’s essential to approach it with an open mind and awareness of its complexities.

Colombia Travel Guides

Here you will find travel guides for the most popular regions in Colombia, which we have put together during our extensive travels around the country.

Travel Guides to Colombia’s Small Towns

Here you will find travel guides for less popular destinations in Colombia. Some of these destinations are even real insider tips and not even known to the Colombians as travel destinations.


About Author



Hello! I'm Frank Spitzer, the founder and the heart behind Pelecanus, a specialized tour operator for Colombia travel. My journey in travel is vast and rich – I've explored over 60 countries, absorbing cultures, experiences, and stories along the way. Since 2017, I've been channeling this wealth of global experience into creating unforgettable travel experiences in Colombia. I'm recognized as a leading authority in Colombian tourism, with a deep-seated passion for sharing this beautiful country with the world. You can catch glimpses of my travel adventures and insights around Colombia on my YouTube channel. I'm also active on social media platforms like TikTok, Facebook, Instagram, and Pinterest, where I share the vibrant culture and stunning landscapes of Colombia. For professional networking, feel free to connect with me on LinkedIn. Join me on this incredible journey, and let's explore the wonders of Colombia together!

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